Home / Biography / Annie Besant In Hindi | एनी बेसेन्ट जीवनी

Annie Besant In Hindi | एनी बेसेन्ट जीवनी

Annie Besant In Hindi | एनी बेसेन्ट जीवनी

 

पूरा नाम   – एनी फ्रैंक बेसेन्ट.
जन्म        – 1 अक्तुबर, 1847.
जन्मस्थान  – लंडन (इंग्लंड).
पिता        – विलियम पेजवुड.
माता        – एमिली.
शिक्षा      – एनी बेसेन्ट की शिक्षा इंग्लंड और जर्मनी मे हुयी. अंग्रेजी, जर्मनी और फ्रेंच भाषा पर प्रभुत्व.
विवाह     – फ्रैंक बेसेन्ट के साथ (1867 में).

Annie Besant In Hindi

फॅक बेसेन्ट ये ख्रिश्चन धर्म पर गाढ़ा विश्वास करने वाले थे तो इसके उलट श्रीमती एनी बेसेन्ट / Annie Besant ये स्वतंत्र विचारो की और ख्रिश्चन धर्म पर गाढ़ा विश्वास – श्रध्दा करने वाली नही थी. इसके वजह से उनके बिच मे तनाव बढ़ता चला गया. उनका परिणाम 1873 में एनी बेसेन्ट ने तलाक लिया. आगे कुछ समय के बाद उनकी मुलाकात नास्तिक विचारों के चार्लस ब्रेडला इनके साथ हुयी. एनी बेसेन्ट चार्लस ब्रेडला के वजह से बहोत प्रभावित हुयी और ‘राष्ट्रीय असांप्रदायिक संस्था’ की सदस्य बनी. इसी समय मे वो ‘नॅशनल रिफॉर्मर’ इस अखबार की संह्संपादिका बनी. मॅडम ब्लव्हेंटस्की और कर्नल ऑलकॉट इन्होंने न्यूयॉर्क यहा ‘थिऑसॉफिकल सोसयटी’ की स्थापना की. श्रीमती एनी बेसेन्ट 1889 मे उसकी सदस्या बनी. ये सोसायटी सभी धर्म का समर्थन करती थी.

annie-besant Annie Besant In Hindi | एनी बेसेन्ट जीवनी
Annie Besant Bioography In Hindi एनी बेसेन्ट जीवनी

1893 मे एनी बेसेन्ट ने शिकागो के सर्वधर्म परिषद मे हिस्सा लिया. उसी साल वो भारत आयी. उन्होंने हिंदू संस्कृत ग्रंथ, वेद, उपनिशेद इनका अभ्यास किया. तब उनकी हिंदु धर्म पर श्रध्दा हुयी. संस्कारो से और दिल से भारतीय हु, ऐसा उनको लगने लगा. 1898 मे बनारस में सेंट्रल हिंदु स्कूल की स्थापना की.  और 1907 मे ऑलकॉट के मौत के बाद एनी बेसेन्ट ‘थीऑसॉफिकल सोसायटी’ की अध्यक्षा बनी
1914 मे उन्होंने ‘द कॉमन व्हील’ और ‘न्यू इंडिया’ ये वो दो साप्ताहिक अपने आदर्श के प्रचार के लिये शुरु किये. 1916 मे उन्होंने मद्रास यहा ‘ऑल इंडिया होमरूल लीग’ की स्थापना की. एनी बेसेन्ट और लोकमान्य तिलक इन्होंने होमरूल आंदोलन के व्दारा राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन को शानदार गति दी. होमरूल मतलब अपना राज्य प्रशासक खुद ही करना इसको स्वशासन कहते है. भारतीय होमरूल आंदोलन ने स्वयंशासन के अधिकार ब्रिटीश सरकार को मांगे.
1917 में कोलकाता मे हुये राष्ट्रीय कॉग्रेस के अधिवेशन के अध्यक्ष स्थान पर एनी बेसेन्ट थी.

ग्रंथ संपत्ती  –
इंडियन आइडियल्स,
इंडिया ए नेशन,
हाउस इंडिया ब्राँट हर फ्रीडम इन डिफेन्स ऑफ हिंदुइझम आदी.

 

विशेषता  –
1) एनी बेसेन्ट इन्होंने भगवद्गीता का अंग्रेजी अनुवाद किया.
2) राष्ट्रीय कॉग्रेंस की पहीली महीला अध्यक्ष.

मृत्यु  – 20 सितंबर 1933 को उनकी मौत हुयी.

 

Annie Besant Quotes

“Refusal to believe until proof is given is a rational position; denial of all outside of our own limited experience is absurd.”

“Liberty is a great celestial Goddess, strong, beneficent, and austere, and she can never descend upon a nation by the shouting of crowds, nor by arguments of unbridled passion, nor by the hatred of class against class.”

“No philosophy, no religion, has ever brought so glad a message to the world as this good news of Atheism.”

“Every person, every race, every nation, has its own particular keynote which it brings to the general chord of life and of humanity.”

“Better remain silent, better not even think, if you are not prepared to act.”

“I have ever been the queerest mixture of weakness and strength, and have paid heavily for the weakness.”

“Every person, every race, every nation, has its own particular keynote which it brings to the general chord of life and of humanity.”

“An accurate knowledge of the past of a country is necessary for everyone who would understand its present, and who desires to judge of its future.”

“Islam believes in many prophets, and Al Quran is nothing but a confirmation of the old Scriptures.”

“It is not monogamy when there is one legal wife, and mistresses out of sight.”

“It is the duty of the followers of Islam to spread through the civilised world, a knowledge of what Islam means – its spirit and message.”

“A prophet is always much wider than his followers, much more liberal than those who label themselves with his name.”

“India is a country in which every great religion finds a home.”

“Evil is only imperfection, that which is not complete, which is becoming, but has not yet found its end.”

“My own life in India, since I came to it in 1893 to make it my home, has been devoted to one purpose, to give back to India her ancient freedom.”

“Never yet was a nation born that did not begin in the spirit, pass to the heart and the mind, and then take an outer form in the world of men.”

“Representative institutions are as much a part of the true Briton as his language and his literature.”

“The birth of science rang the death-knell of an arbitrary and constantly interposing Supreme Power.”

“The body is never more alive than when it is dead; but it is alive in its units, and dead in its totality; alive as a congeries, dead as an organism.”

“That is the true definition of sin; when knowing right you do the lower, ah, then you sin. Where there is no knowledge, sin is not present.”

“The destruction of India’s village system was the greatest of England’s blunders.”

“There can be no wise politics without thought beforehand.”

“There is much, of course, in the exclusive claims of Christianity which make it hostile to other faiths.”

“To me in my childhood, elves and fairies of all sorts were very real things, and my dolls were as really children as I was myself a child.”

“In morals, theosophy builds its teachings on the unity, seeing in each form the expression of a common life, and therefore the fact that what injures one injures all. To do evil i.e., to throw poison into the life-blood of humanity, is a crime against the unity.”

“Muhammadan law in its relation to women, is a pattern to European law. Look back to the history of Islam, and you will find that women have often taken leading places – on the throne, in the battle-field, in politics, in literature, poetry, etc.”

“A myth is far truer than a history, for a history only gives a story of the shadows, whereas a myth gives a story of the substances that cast the shadows.”

“Let Indian history be set side by side with Europe history with what there is of the latter century by century and let us see whether India need blush at the comparison.”

“A people can prosper under a very bad government and suffer under a very good one, if in the first case the local administration is effective and in the second it is inefficient.”

“A common religion is not possible for India, but a recognition of a common basis for all religions, and the growth of a liberal, tolerant spirit in religious matters, are possible.”

“You should always take a religion at its best and not at its worst, from its highest teachings and not from the lowest practices of some of its adherents.”

“What is the essence of theosophy? It is the fact that man, being himself divine, can know the divinity whose life he shares. As an inevitable corollary to this supreme truth comes the fact of the brotherhood of man.”

“What is the constitution of the universe? The universe is the manifestation of the divine thought; the thought of God embodies itself in the thought-forms that we call worlds.”

“We learn much during our sleep, and the knowledge thus gained slowly filters into the physical brain, and is occasionally impressed upon it as a vivid and illuminative dream.”

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